The Family of Mary Stenner

Mary Stenner

John Laybank BENTON married Mary STENNER in 1856 in Melbourne. Both the BENTON and the STENNER families were recently arrived from England. The Bentons had lived in the East End of London (Plaistow and West Ham) for several generations. The STENNER family also departed from London but had moved there around 1835-1837, presumably looking for work. Mary's father William was a carpenter and joiner, as was John Laybank BENTON. Prior to moving to London, the Stenner family were of long standing in the small village of Selworthy, Somerset, near the north coast and the Bristol Channel.

Here is the story of Mary's family.

   John STENNER====v====Ann RAWLE   David TAME====v====Elizabeth DIGGER
                   |                              |
                   |                              |
            William STENNER=====v==========Elizabeth TAME
               1797-1871       1823           1805-1889      
    John      Elizabeth       Martha       Mary          Kate
 1826-1910  1828-1886       1830-1906   1836-1863     1844-1868
     |          |               |           |             |
   m:1868     m:1849          m:1852      m:1856        m:1865
  Winifred     John           Philip   John Laybank    Alexander
 1834-1883      |               |       1826-1913         |
     |          |               |           |             |
John William  8 children   5 children  5 children  Elizabeth Mary
 1869-1870                                            1867-1868
     |                                                    |

Parents of Mary STENNER

Based on the information on the marriage record for Mary and John Laybank, Mary's parents were William STENNER and Elizabeth TAME. The parish records show William and Elizabeth were married at the church of St Mary Newington, Surrey on 10 August 1823. This church has undergone several rebuilds, the 1823 version was pulled down and rebuilt and a later version was burnt out in an air raid in 1841. The rector who performed the marriage, Arthur Cyril Onslow, was the incumbent from 1812 to 1869.

1823 marriage
Part of the marriage record for Mary STENNER, showing her parent's names.
1823 marriage
Marriage record for William STENNER and Elizabeth TAME in 1823 at St Mary Newington, Surrey..

We do not know why William Stenner was in London in 1823, he may have found work there as a carpenter. His bride, Elizabeth TAME was a Londoner, born in Tooting in 1805 and baptised at St Nicholas, Tooting Graveney, Surrey in south London on 28 July 1805. Her parents were David TAME and Elizabeth DIGGER. Whatever brought William to London, he did not stay long, as the first of their six children was born in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire Wales in 1827, but baptised at the family church in Selworthy on 31 August 1827.

William and Elizabeth had five children:

John STENNER Born 1826; baptised 31 August 1827, Selworthy 29 Nov 1910: Melbourne, Australia
Elizabeth STENNER Born 1828; baptised 23 May 1829: Selworthy 3 Dec 1886, Melbourne, Australia
Martha Anne STENNER Born 1830; baptised 26 APril 1835, Selworthy 3 October 1906, Darlinghurst, Victoria, Australia
Mary STENNER Born 17 Sept 1836, baptised 30 Jun 1837, St John the Evangilist, Lambeth, London 19 Nov 1863, Mornington, Victoria, Australia
Kate STENNER Jun qtr 1844, Westminster, London 1868, Berwick, Victoria, Australia

We have the baptism records for four children:

Baptism for John STENNER in Selworthy, 1827.

Baptism for Elizabeth STENNER in Selworthy, 1829.

Baptism for Martha STENNER in Selworthy, 1835.

Baptism for Mary STENNER in Selworthy, 1837.

All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset.

Mary was baptised at St John the Evangelist, Lambeth, Surrey on 30 June 1837. The record shows them living at James Street, Lambeth. Although James Street has disappeared, the church of St John appears to be opposite the main entrance to Waterloo Railway Station

1841 Census

In the 1841 census, the Stenner family were living in Regent St, Westminster. Today Regent St runs north from Vauxhall Bridge Road a short distance from the Thames River. William was a carpenter:

1841 census
Departure for Port Philip, Melbourne Australia

The family are not in the 1851 census. By this date they had departed for Australia, arriving in Melbourne in August 1848 onboard the Cornwall. The family consisted of William (47) and Elizabeth (44), with children John (21), Elizabeth (20), Martha (17), Mary (12) and Kate (4):

1848 shipping
Life in Melbourne

Death of William STENNER: William died on 13 July 1871. He had been a patient at the "Benevolent Asylum" for over a year.

Report in the Weekly Times, Melbourne 22 July 1871 page 11.

Death of Elizabeth STENNER: Elizabeth died on 5 April 1889 at the home of her daughter Martha (PENNY). She is buried at Melbourne General Cemetery.

Report in the Weekly Times, Melbourne 22 July 1871 page 11.

The Children of William STENNER and Elizabeth TAME


John was born in 1827, possibly in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, but was baptised at All Saints Selworthy, Somerset on 31 August 1827. He accompanied his family to Melbourne on the ship Cornwall in 1848. His occupation on the shipping register is "Carpenter" the same as his father. John married Winifred SCUDAMORE in Melbourne in 1868.

      |                   |       
William STENNER==v===Elizabeth TAME  John SCUDAMORE==v===Ann YOUNG
  1797-1871     1823  1805-1889                     1823
                 |                                   |
               John==============v============Winifred SCUDAMORE
             1826-1910          1868             1834-1883
                                 |                   |-----------------------------|
                                 |                unknown1                     unknown2
                            John William       William Gwilliam              Ada Winifred
                             1869-1870           1860-1907                     1865-1895
                                 |                   |                             |
                                                   m:1880                        m:1886
                                                 Mary KELLY                   Frank Edwin PLACE
         |---------|-------|--------|-------|--------|----------|---------|         |----------|
      Unnamed     Mary    John     Kate   Annie  William A. William D.  Hart     Adelaide     Ada
     1880-1880 1881-1903 1883-? 1885-1926 1887-? 1890-1890  1892-1914 1895-1904 1886-1901  1890-1895
         |         |       |        |       |        |          |         |         |          |
                         m:1919   m:1906  m:1913
                          Mary    Thomas  Thomas
                         HUDSON   LEWIS FALKINGBRIDGE
                           |        |       |      
Who was Winifred SCUDAMORE?               

Winifred SCUDAMORE was born in Abenhall, Gloucestershire in 1834 to John and Ann SCUDAMORE, farmers at Church Farm, Abenhall. Ann died in February 1839 (buried Abenhall Church 10 Feb 1839) which is why she is not in the 1841 census. John married Elizabeth COOK on 12 May 1846 at Abenhall (which is why there is an Elizabeth not Ann as the farmer's wife in the 1851 census). Winifred was baptised at Abenhall on 9 December 1834. She is recorded in the 1841 and 1851 censuses at Church Farm, Abenhall but is not there in 1861.

In 1860 Winifred had a son William Gwilliam SCUDAMORE, born Stroud in late 1860. Winifred was not married and the father's name is missing in the civil register. Winifred appears to have been sent to Stroud to have the child. She is not obvious in the 1861 census but I am sure this is her, under the name Winifred BROWN, a farmer's "wife" and her 6 month old son William, lodging at a boarding house at 1 Ebley Street, Stonehouse, Stroud. Although we do not know who the father was, there may be some significance in William's middle name of Gwilliam, as there was a family of this name living in Abenhall at this time. It is possible that the Gwilliam was never used as a middle name and only Winifred knew it was recorded in the civil register.

1861 census for Winifred "Brown" and her son William. This was Winifred SCUDAMORE.

The next information we have for Winifred and William is their emigration to Melbourne, Australia as unassisted immigrants. The immigration record shows Winifred a "matron" and William aged 3 arriving in Port Philip on 14 October 1863. It may be relevent that they travelled on the same ticket number as a Mr & Mrs William and Ann TOWNSEND, from Stroud, Gloucestershire. Whoever paid for the passage bought tickets for the four people. The Townsends may be relatives of Winifred but I have not explored this possibility.

1863 unassisted immigration list for Winifred SCUDAMORE, her son William and Mr & Mrs Townsend, all from Stroud.

Not long after arriving in Melbourne, Winifred had a daughter, registered as Ada Winifred WARD born at Coghill's Creek, north of Ballarat, a gold mining centre. On the birth record Winifred stated she married William Ward in England in 1858. This is not so as she was still single in 1861. The WARD surname and details were a fiction to cover her unmarried situation. At least she recorded her son William.

1865 birth for Ada SCUDAMORE. The WARD name and marriage information is false.
Marriage of John STENNER to Winifred SCUDAMORE

On 10 October 1868 John STENNER married Winifred SCUDAMORE in Melbourne. Despite already having two children (William 8 and Ada 3) this was Winifred's first marriage. Every detail on the marriage record is indeed correct! She stated on the marriage record she was a spinister (correct) and as she was not a widow correctly did not list her two children, William and Ada. The information about her place of birth and her parents is also correct.

1868 marriage for John STENNER to Winifred SCUDAMORE.

Winifred was at last a married woman and her two children Ada and William had a stepfather, although they appear to have retained the SCUDAMORE surname in later records.

John and Winifred had one child, John William STENNER born 1869. Unfortunately the child died at 6 months in 1870. Winifred died on 26 January 1883 at their home at 87 Greville St, Prahran, Melbourne, aged 49. She is buried in the St Kilda Cemetery. John continued to live at 87 Greville St. He died in 1910. The death index indicates the names of his parents were unknown, suggesting the informant was not one of his family.

What became of William and Ada SCUDAMORE?

Ada Winifred SCUDMORE married Frank Edwin PLACE in 1886. They had two daughters Adelaide Winifred Maria PLACE, born 1886 who died 7 January 1901 of TB; and Ada May Victoria PLACE born 1890 who died 1895. When Ada Winifred died 27 May 1895, Adelaide and Ada went to live with their aunt Mary SCUDAMORE (wife of Ada's half brother William). Adelaide contracted TB and just before she died in 1901 she made a complaint with the Police of maltreatment by her aunt which was widely reported in the newspapers. The case went to court but Adelaide died before resolution. Medical evidence concluded that any maltreatment did not contribute to her death.

William SCUDAMORE married Mary KELLY in 1880. They had eight children, five of whom died young. William died 14 April 1907 at 16 Normanby Place, Richmond, Melbourne.

Elizabeth STENNER

Elizabeth was the second child of William and Elizabeth STENNER, born 1828 at Selworthy, Somerset and baptised there on 23 May 1829. She emigrated to Melbourne, Australia with her family in 1848 and married the following year to John RANDLE. John and Elizabeth had eight children. Elizabeth died 3 December 1886 at their home, 6 Graham St, Albert Park, Melbourne.

      |                   |       
William STENNER==v===Elizabeth TAME
  1797-1871     1823  1805-1889
                 |                      |
               Elizabeth====v======John RANDLE
             1828-1886     1849
William   Kate    Eliza  Charles  John Henry  Fanny   Annie    Sarah Ann
 1850- 1855-1945  1857-   1860-      1862-    1864- 1866-1900    1869-
   |       |       |        |         |        |        |

Martha Anne STENNER

Martha Anne was born and baptised in Selworthy, Somerset and came to Melbourne, Australia with her parents in 1848. She married Philip Arthur PENNY in 1852 and they had seven children. Martha died 3 October 1906 at her home 12 Thomson St, Darlinghurst. She is buried in the Waverley Cemetery.

      |                   |       
William STENNER==v===Elizabeth TAME
  1797-1871     1823  1805-1889
                 |                      |
               Martha Anne====v======Philip PENNY
                1830-1906    1852
Martha  Philip   Henry     Elizabeth  Mary  Isabella    William
 1855-   1857- 1859-1934    1862-     1864- 1867-1903 1869-1930
   |       |       |          |        |        |         |
                 m:1881                       m:1885
                Catherine                     Charles
                 CANN                        MALTRAVERS
                   |                            |


Mary was born on 17 September 1836 in London and baptised at St John the Evangeliset, Lambeth London on 30 June 1837. She travelled to Melbourne with her family in 1848. Mary married John Laybank BENTON on 20 December 1886. There is more about Mary and John BENTON here.

Kate or Katie STENNER

Kate was born in 1844 in central London and arrived with her family in Melbourne in 1848. She married Alexander RITCHIE in 1865 in Melbourne. They had one child, Elizabeth Mary born 1867. Both mother and daughter died the following year in 1868.

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Last updated: 06/01/2020